Duration of Treatmentusually takes 3 to 4 hours

Days of Stayusually 7 to 15 days in the hospital and one month outside the hospital.

AnesthesiaGeneral anaesthesia.

CostOn Request

What is Kidney Transplant Surgery?

Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure to replace a diseased kidney with a healthy kidney from a living or brain-dead donor (Cadaver). A kidney transplant is often the best treatment for kidney failure. Only one donated a kidney is needed to replace two failed kidneys, making living-donor kidney transplantation an option. Every year about more than 80,000 kidney transplants is performed worldwide.

The reason for Kidney failure includes:

  • Congenital condition
  • Infections
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Malignant hypertension
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease

Procedures for kidney transplantation include:

  • Cadaveric renal transplantation
  • Cadaver-donor kidney transplantation
  • Living donor kidney transplants (from both related and unrelated donors)
  • Laparoscopic donor Nephrectomy


 

Kidney transplant surgery signs include:

  • Swelling of arms and legs
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dehydration
  • Urinary problems
  • Bleeding from any part of the body
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Itching

 

Kidney transplant surgery risk factor includes:-

  • Risks of anaesthesia 
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Temporary dizziness
  • Leaking from or blockage of the tube (ureter)
  • Failure of the donated kidney
  • Rejection of the donated kidney
  • Death, heart attack and stroke

Patient and Donor Evaluation

The donor and recipient should be in the ABO blood group and crossmatch (human leukocyte antigen -- HLA) compatible. 

Blood Type Compatibility Chart

  1. Recipient blood type is A Donor blood type must be A or O
  2. Recipient blood type is B Donor blood type must be B or O
  3. Recipient blood type is O Donor blood type must be O
  4. Recipient blood type is AB Donor blood type can be A, B, AB, or O

The patient and Donor will require undergoing some pre-operative investigation in order to meet the surgical requirements.

The evaluation includes:

  1. Mental health evaluation (Psychiatrist or Psychologist).
  2. Blood and Diagnostic tests.( Blood test, CT Scan, Echo, X-ray, )
  3. Complete health evaluation. ( Eye, Heart, Dental, 
  4. The patient and Donor are required to go for PSC ( Pre-surgery check-up )  to do some blood test, ECG and ECH for Cardiac check-up and urine tests to know he /she is fit for surgery or not.
  5. Before the operation patient will be asked to sign a consent form, which gives permission to the surgeon to proceed with the treatment.
  6. The doctor should be informed about any medication that the patient may be taking.
  7. The patient is admitted to the hospital on the same days before the procedures and advised to remain empty stomach/Fasting.
  8. Thinners medicines have to stop before ten days of surgery.

 

Nephrectomy surgery for kidney transplantation – Nephrectomy is the surgical removal of a kidney. There are two types of nephrectomy for a diseased kidney: partial and radical.

Laparoscopic surgery for kidney transplantation - Laparoscopic surgery for kidney implantation has also reduced the incision of about 7 cm for insertion of the kidney with an additional 3 to 4 ports for laparoscopic instruments.

Robotic-surgery for kidney transplantation- Robotic surgery for kidney transplantation is the latest development of minimally invasive surgery for kidney transplantation. In this procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision of about 7 cm to introduce the kidney with 4 or 5 laparoscopic ports. 

Before surgery, the surgeon and anaesthesia will guide you about benefits and risk factor of Kidney transplant surgery.

Step 1 – Anesthesia:  Kidney transplant surgery takes 3 to 4 hours depending upon the procedures by giving general anaesthesia to relieve pain.

Step 2 – The incision:  The Kidney transplant surgeon makes an incision into the lower abdomen on one side.  During surgery, the surgical team monitors patient heart rate, blood pressure and blood oxygen level throughout the procedure. The surgeon visually inspects the donor’s kidney before implanting it. The donor's kidney is placed in the patient’s lower abdomen and the donor kidney's blood vessels are then connected to the recipient's arteries and veins. The surgeon then connects the ureter to the bladder. After that kidney will begin to filter and remove wastes and to produce urine. In most of the cases, damaged kidneys are not removed unless the patient has a severe infection of the kidney.

Step 3 – Closing the incisions: The Kidney transplant surgeon flaps the skin after the surgery with the help of Sutures, skin adhesives, tapes or clips that close the skin incisions.

  • The doctor will give complete information about post care of surgery, regarding recovery; proper caring of incisions, taking medications and managing.
  • Stitches or staples will be removed after 15 days of surgery. 
  • Patients are allowed to stand and walk using a walking after 48 hours of the surgery
  • If a drain was inserted in lower abdomen during surgery to help with fluid removal, it will remove after 5 to 10 days of surgery.
  • If a drain was used this will remain for up to 10 days after surgery.
  • In some cases, if the drain was not removed after 10 days of surgery than dialysis might be used temporarily to remove anything from the new kidney.
  • The patient needs to take anti-rejection medication lifelong and be monitored regularly with a blood test, its help keep your immune system from attacking and rejecting your new kidney.
  • Patients are advised to go for skin check-ups with a dermatologist to screen for skin cancer.

The success rate of kidney transplantation depends on patient condition, donor organ and surgeon experience. Kidneys from living donors generally last longer than cadaver donor. Sometimes due to the rejection of kidney also cause of unsuccessful. The success rate is more than 95%.

 

  • Are you board-certified Kidney transplant surgeon?
  • How many years’ experience of you has in this field?
  • How many surgeries are you doing every day?
  • Does your hospital certify to perform these types of Kidney transplant surgery?
  • Am I a good patient for you to this procedure?
  • Let me know success rates and how long time will take for recovery?
  • What treatment plan do you recommend and Why?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of having Kidney transplant surgery?
  • How should I prepare for this surgery?
  • How long I have to stay in the hospital and outside the hospital?
  • What are risk factors for this type of Kidney transplant?
  • How long does a transplanted kidney last on average?
  • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney rejection?
  • When can I go for normal activities, including exercise?
  • Do I have stitches, staples, and/or bandages?
  • Do I have a scar or other permanent effects from the surgery?
  • Do I need to go another surgery in the future?
  • Do I need any follow-up appointments or tests after my surgery?

Top Doctors

Top Hospitals

KIDNEY TRANSPLANT SURGERY

Duration of Treatmentusually takes 3 to 4 hours

Days of Stayusually 7 to 15 days in the hospital and one month outside the hospital.

AnesthesiaGeneral anaesthesia.

CostOn Request

What is Kidney Transplant Surgery?

Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure to replace a diseased kidney with a healthy kidney from a living or brain-dead donor (Cadaver). A kidney transplant is often the best treatment for kidney failure. Only one donated a kidney is needed to replace two failed kidneys, making living-donor kidney transplantation an option. Every year about more than 80,000 kidney transplants is performed worldwide.

The reason for Kidney failure includes:

  • Congenital condition
  • Infections
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Malignant hypertension
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease

Procedures for kidney transplantation include:

  • Cadaveric renal transplantation
  • Cadaver-donor kidney transplantation
  • Living donor kidney transplants (from both related and unrelated donors)
  • Laparoscopic donor Nephrectomy


 

symptoms

Kidney transplant surgery signs include:

  • Swelling of arms and legs
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dehydration
  • Urinary problems
  • Bleeding from any part of the body
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Itching

 

risk factors

Kidney transplant surgery risk factor includes:-

  • Risks of anaesthesia 
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Temporary dizziness
  • Leaking from or blockage of the tube (ureter)
  • Failure of the donated kidney
  • Rejection of the donated kidney
  • Death, heart attack and stroke

preparation

Patient and Donor Evaluation

The donor and recipient should be in the ABO blood group and crossmatch (human leukocyte antigen -- HLA) compatible. 

Blood Type Compatibility Chart

  1. Recipient blood type is A Donor blood type must be A or O
  2. Recipient blood type is B Donor blood type must be B or O
  3. Recipient blood type is O Donor blood type must be O
  4. Recipient blood type is AB Donor blood type can be A, B, AB, or O

The patient and Donor will require undergoing some pre-operative investigation in order to meet the surgical requirements.

The evaluation includes:

  1. Mental health evaluation (Psychiatrist or Psychologist).
  2. Blood and Diagnostic tests.( Blood test, CT Scan, Echo, X-ray, )
  3. Complete health evaluation. ( Eye, Heart, Dental, 
  4. The patient and Donor are required to go for PSC ( Pre-surgery check-up )  to do some blood test, ECG and ECH for Cardiac check-up and urine tests to know he /she is fit for surgery or not.
  5. Before the operation patient will be asked to sign a consent form, which gives permission to the surgeon to proceed with the treatment.
  6. The doctor should be informed about any medication that the patient may be taking.
  7. The patient is admitted to the hospital on the same days before the procedures and advised to remain empty stomach/Fasting.
  8. Thinners medicines have to stop before ten days of surgery.

 

procedure

Nephrectomy surgery for kidney transplantation – Nephrectomy is the surgical removal of a kidney. There are two types of nephrectomy for a diseased kidney: partial and radical.

Laparoscopic surgery for kidney transplantation - Laparoscopic surgery for kidney implantation has also reduced the incision of about 7 cm for insertion of the kidney with an additional 3 to 4 ports for laparoscopic instruments.

Robotic-surgery for kidney transplantation- Robotic surgery for kidney transplantation is the latest development of minimally invasive surgery for kidney transplantation. In this procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision of about 7 cm to introduce the kidney with 4 or 5 laparoscopic ports. 

Before surgery, the surgeon and anaesthesia will guide you about benefits and risk factor of Kidney transplant surgery.

Step 1 – Anesthesia:  Kidney transplant surgery takes 3 to 4 hours depending upon the procedures by giving general anaesthesia to relieve pain.

Step 2 – The incision:  The Kidney transplant surgeon makes an incision into the lower abdomen on one side.  During surgery, the surgical team monitors patient heart rate, blood pressure and blood oxygen level throughout the procedure. The surgeon visually inspects the donor’s kidney before implanting it. The donor's kidney is placed in the patient’s lower abdomen and the donor kidney's blood vessels are then connected to the recipient's arteries and veins. The surgeon then connects the ureter to the bladder. After that kidney will begin to filter and remove wastes and to produce urine. In most of the cases, damaged kidneys are not removed unless the patient has a severe infection of the kidney.

Step 3 – Closing the incisions: The Kidney transplant surgeon flaps the skin after the surgery with the help of Sutures, skin adhesives, tapes or clips that close the skin incisions.

post procedure

  • The doctor will give complete information about post care of surgery, regarding recovery; proper caring of incisions, taking medications and managing.
  • Stitches or staples will be removed after 15 days of surgery. 
  • Patients are allowed to stand and walk using a walking after 48 hours of the surgery
  • If a drain was inserted in lower abdomen during surgery to help with fluid removal, it will remove after 5 to 10 days of surgery.
  • If a drain was used this will remain for up to 10 days after surgery.
  • In some cases, if the drain was not removed after 10 days of surgery than dialysis might be used temporarily to remove anything from the new kidney.
  • The patient needs to take anti-rejection medication lifelong and be monitored regularly with a blood test, its help keep your immune system from attacking and rejecting your new kidney.
  • Patients are advised to go for skin check-ups with a dermatologist to screen for skin cancer.

success rate

The success rate of kidney transplantation depends on patient condition, donor organ and surgeon experience. Kidneys from living donors generally last longer than cadaver donor. Sometimes due to the rejection of kidney also cause of unsuccessful. The success rate is more than 95%.

 

faqs from doctor

  • Are you board-certified Kidney transplant surgeon?
  • How many years’ experience of you has in this field?
  • How many surgeries are you doing every day?
  • Does your hospital certify to perform these types of Kidney transplant surgery?
  • Am I a good patient for you to this procedure?
  • Let me know success rates and how long time will take for recovery?
  • What treatment plan do you recommend and Why?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of having Kidney transplant surgery?
  • How should I prepare for this surgery?
  • How long I have to stay in the hospital and outside the hospital?
  • What are risk factors for this type of Kidney transplant?
  • How long does a transplanted kidney last on average?
  • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney rejection?
  • When can I go for normal activities, including exercise?
  • Do I have stitches, staples, and/or bandages?
  • Do I have a scar or other permanent effects from the surgery?
  • Do I need to go another surgery in the future?
  • Do I need any follow-up appointments or tests after my surgery?

Top Doctors

Top Hospitals

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